Successful recovery of plastics -- like any material -- requires an infrastructure that can get plastics from the consumer and back into use as new products. The plastics recycling infrastructure has four parts:

Collection-Rather than being thrown away,plastics (primarily PETand HDPE) are collected for recycling. Curbside collection with other materials and drop-off at recycling centers are common plastics collection methods.

Handling-Plastics from collection programs are sorted to increase their value and compacted to reduce shipping costs.

Reclamation-In conventional recycling,sorted plastics are chopped,washed and converted into flakes or pellets that are then processed into new products. Advanced recycling technologies (see "What are advanced recycling technologies ?") can take mixed plastics back to their original building blocks (monomers or petroleum feedstocks). These can then be recycled into a number of different products,including new plastics.

End-use-Reclaimed plastic pellets or flakes-or petroleum feedstocks-are used to manufacture new products.


Source: ICPE - ENVIS